JISTEM - Journal of Information Systems and Technology Management
On-line version ISSN 1807-1775
IFINEDO, Princely. Drivers of e-government maturity in two developing regions: focus on Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa. JISTEM J.Inf.Syst. Technol. Manag. [online]. 2012, vol.9, n.1, pp.05-22. ISSN 1807-1775. http://dx.doi.org/10.4301/S1807-17752012000100001.
This research focuses on the drivers of e-government (E-gov) maturity in two comparable developing regions of the world i.e. Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa (LA&SSA). E-gov maturity refers to the growth levels in a country's online services and its citizens' online participation in governance. To date, few researchers have focused on the drivers of E-gov maturity in LA&SSA. Given the challenges faced by LA&SSA with regard to the implementations and deployment of technological innovations including E-gov, research such as this current one is needed to enrich insight in such contexts. Building on a prior framework and the modernization theory (MT), the impacts of macro-environmental factors of political, economic, social, and technological dimensions on E-gov maturity in LA&SSA are examined. A longitudinal data i.e. a 5-year panel data consisting of 160 observations or data points was used for analysis in conjunction with the structural equation modeling (SEM) technique. Such factors as human capital development, technological infrastructure, and rule of law were found to have positive impacts on E-gov maturity in LA&SSA. To a large extent, national wealth served as an enabler in the proposed research conceptualization and not as a direct driver of E-gov maturity. The implications of the study's findings for research and policy making are discussed and future research areas noted.
Keywords : Electronic government (E-gov); E-gov maturity; Latin America; Sub-Saharan Africa; Panel data; Developing countries; Structural equation modeling.