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Revista de Odontologia da UNESP

versão On-line ISSN 1807-2577

Resumo

MATOS, Felipe de Souza et al. Effect of laser therapy on the inflammatory response induced by endodontic medications implanted into the subcutaneous tissue of rats. Rev. odontol. UNESP [online]. 2014, vol.43, n.5, pp.343-350. ISSN 1807-2577.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/rou.2014.055.

INTRODUCTION:

Endodontic medications contain toxic components that cause varying degrees of inflammation.

OBJECTIVE:

This study evaluated the effect of laser therapy on the inflammatory response induced by intracanal medications implanted into the subcutaneous tissue of rats using a quantitative analysis of mast cells.

MATERIAL AND METHOD:

Polyethylene tubes containing the medications were implanted in the dorsum of 60 rats divided into six groups, including HS (P.A. calcium hydroxide paste), HL (P.A. calcium hydroxide paste and laser therapy), HPS (P.A. calcium hydroxide paste with camphorated paramonochlorophenol), HPL (P.A. calcium hydroxide paste with camphorated paramonochlorophenol and laser therapy), IS (iodoform with saline) and IL (iodoform with saline and laser therapy). The animals were euthanized eight or fifteen days after surgery, and samples were removed and embedded in paraffin. Histological sections were stained with 0.2% toluidine blue for the quantification of mast cells. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's post-hoc test were applied to determine significant differences in the number of mast cells between groups (p<0.05).

RESULT:

There was a decrease in mast cells for the HL, HPL and IL groups when compared with the HS, HPS and IS groups at both time points. There was no statistically significant difference between the HPS and HPL groups at the eight-day time point.

CONCLUSION:

Laser therapy was effective at modulating the inflammatory response induced by endodontic medications by significantly reducing the number of mast cells.

Palavras-chave : Endodontics; laser therapy; mast cells; inflammation; subcutaneous.

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