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Revista de Odontologia da UNESP

On-line version ISSN 1807-2577

Abstract

SOUZA, João Gabriel Silva; SOARES, Luiza Anjos; SA, Maria Aparecida Barbosa de  and  MOREIRA, Geane. Analysis harmful health habits among patients with oral lesions. Rev. odontol. UNESP [online]. 2015, vol.44, n.2, pp.92-98. ISSN 1807-2577.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1807-2577.1080.

Objective

It is proposed to identify the prevalence of smoking and drinking habits among patients diagnosed with oral lesions, as well as possible associated factors.

Material and method

Analytical study, retrospective character between patients assisted by University Dental Clinic in the area of Oral Diagnosis. Dental records were analyzed and histopathological reports of patients who performed the biopsy procedure between February 2010 to July 2012. The dependent variables – harmful habits - were built by information pertaining to smokers and current drinking habits or passed. SPSS software was 19.0. Descriptive and univariate analyses were conducted by the Pearson's Chi-square test (p≤0.05). The normality of sample was investigated by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and Shapiro-Wilk (p<0 .05).

Result

Of the 125 patients attended at 110 evaluation period have been included. The presence of smoker and current elitist habits or past were identified in 42 (38.2) and 21 (19.1) patients, respectively. In univariate analysis the variables statistically significant (p ≤ 0.05) associated with the habit smoker were: sex, age, type of biopsy and histopathologic diagnosis. As for the elitist habit variables were: sex and type of biopsy.

Conclusion

Smoking and drinking habits have been or remain present in the life of a significant portion of individuals investigated who developed Oral lesions, being, yet, relevant with the synergy of both in the development of such injuries.

Keywords : Oral pathology; tobacco; ethanol; diagnosis oral.

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