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Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte

Print version ISSN 1807-5509

Abstract

SOUZA, Michele et al. Familial aggregation on trunkal fat: a study with Portuguese families. Rev. bras. educ. fís. esporte (Impr.) [online]. 2011, vol.25, n.1, pp.153-161. ISSN 1807-5509.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1807-55092011000100014.

The aims of this study was to 1) identify the presence of indirect transmission of genetic factors between parents and children in two phenotypes of trunk fat, and 2) estimate the contribution of genetic and environmental factors responsible for phenotypic variation on relative trunk fat and absolute trunk fat. The sample consisted of 422 individuals from 107 Portuguese nuclear families. Trunk fat phenotypes were measured with a bioelectric impedance device Tanita ® model BC-418MA. Family structure and analysis of the generic behavior of the variables between different family members were verified in PEDSTATS software. Familiar correlations were computed in the FCOR module of SAGE 5.3 software. Heritability estimates (h2) were performed using the likelihood method implemented in SOLAR software. Correlation coefficients between relatives were low to moderate on relative trunk fat (0.205 < r < 0.738) and absolute trunk fat (0.199 < r < 0.782). Genetic factors explained 50 and 47% of the variation in phenotypes of relative and absolute trunk fat, respectively. These results 1) indicate a strong familial aggregation on trunk fat of Portuguese nuclear families, 2) contribute to advanced studies in Genetic Epidemiology 3) and emphasize the need for physical and nutritional interventions directed to all family members.

Keywords : Familial aggregation; Heritability; Trunk fat; Genetic epidemiology.

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