Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte
Print version ISSN 1807-5509
ARTIOLI, Guilherme Giannini et al. Recovery time between weigh-in and first match in State level judo competitions. Rev. bras. educ. fís. esporte (Impr.) [online]. 2011, vol.25, n.3, pp. 371-376. ISSN 1807-5509. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1807-55092011000300002.
Rapid weight loss is highly prevalent among combat sport athletes. After the weigh-in, there is a period in which athletes can refeed and rehydrate before the combats. The length of this recovery period is determinant for performance in the subsequent combats. No study, however, has determined the time patterns of such period. The purpose of this study was to determine the patterns of recovery time between the weigh-in and the first combats during judo competitions. One hundred and seventeen juvenile, junior and senior male athletes were analyzed during two São Paulo state competitions. The time at which each athlete has finished the weight-in and the time at which they have started the first combat were recorded and then the recovery period between weigh-in and combats was calculated. Average recovery time was approximately four hours. Most athletes had a 2.5 to 5-hour recovery time between the weigh-in and the first combat. Senior athletes had a significant longer recovery time compared to junior and juvenile (p < 0.001). Junior athletes also had a significant longer recovery time in comparison to juvenile athletes (p < 0.001). In conclusion, the patterns for recovery time presented in this study are likely to be a standard if competitions of similar size and organization are considered. Recovery period for the majority of athletes is enough to allow them to refeed and rehydrate, so the impact of weight loss on performance would be minimal. This can stimulate athletes to engage in potentially harmful rapid weight loss procedures.
Keywords : Weight loss; Recovery time; Weigh-in; Martial arts.