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Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte
Print version ISSN 1807-5509
MELO, Stéphano Freitas Soares et al. Activation of AKT-mTor signaling pathways by angiotensin II receptor type 1 after a session of strength exercise in cardiac muscle of rats. Rev. bras. educ. fís. esporte (Impr.) [online]. 2011, vol.25, n.3, pp. 377-385. ISSN 1807-5509. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1807-55092011000300003.
The angiotensin II type I (AT1) receptor has an important participation in the development of cardiac hypertrophy. Previously, we have shown that AT1 receptor participates in the cardiac hypertrophy induced by resistance training in rats. Here, we studied the involvement of AT1 receptor in the activation of intracellular signaling pathways related to the concentric HC in rats submitted to a session of strength exercise. Male Wistar rats were divided into 6 groups (n= 6 each): control (Con); exercised and killed 5 minutes after exercise (Exe 5); exercised and killed 30 minutes after exercise (Exe 30); control treated with Losartan (Con Los); treated with Losartan, exercised and killed 5 minutes after the exercise (Exe Los 5); treated with Losartan, exercised and killed 30 minutes after training (Exe Los 30). The results show that phosphorylation activity of AKT in group Exe 5 and Exe 30 increased 63% (P < 0.05) and 62% (P < 0.05), respectively, compared with Con. Whereas the phosphorylation of mTOR was increased 65% (P < 0.05), compared to Con, only in the group Exe 30. Furthermore, these effects were blocked by losartan treatment in groups Exe Los 5 and Exe Los 30. These results, together with ours previous data shows that the AT1 receptor has an role in the activation of AKT and mTOR pathway after a session of strength exercise.
Keywords : AT1 receptor; Cardiac hypertrophy; Strength exercise.