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Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte
Print version ISSN 1807-5509
LOUREIRO JUNIOR, Luiz de França Bahia; FREITAS, Sandra Maria Sbeghen Ferreira de and FREITAS, Paulo Barbosa de. Effects of target location and uncertainty on reaching movements in standing position. Rev. bras. educ. fís. esporte [online]. 2012, vol.26, n.3, pp.485-493. ISSN 1807-5509. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1807-55092012000300014.
The effects of target location and uncertainty of target position on reaching movements while standing were investigated. Ten healthy, right-handed adults stood facing a 17'' touchscreen. They were instructed to press with their right index fingertip a push bottom and touch the center of the target displayed on the screen after it was lighted on, moving quickly their arm. The target was shown either ipsi- or contralateral to the right arm and either in a certain or uncertain position. Reaction time (RT), movement time (MT), and radial error (RE) were assessed. Results revealed shorter RT (≈ 35 ms) and smaller RE (≈ 0.19 cm) for certain than for uncertain condition and slightly longer RT (≈ 8 ms) and MT (≈ 18 ms) for reaches towards the contralateral target. In conclusion, the findings of this study showing the effect of uncertainty of target location as well as target position are also applied to arm reaching in standing position.
Keywords : Reaction time; Movement time; Accuracy; Target uncertainty; Upper extremity.