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Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte
Print version ISSN 1807-5509
GOMES, Thábata Viviane Brandão; UGRINOWITSCH, Herbert; MARINHO, Nádia Fernanda Schmitt and BENDA, Rodolfo Novellino. Effects of mental practice in motor skills acquisition in novice subjects. Rev. bras. educ. fís. esporte [online]. 2012, vol.26, n.3, pp. 511-521. ISSN 1807-5509. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1807-55092012000300016.
Studies of mental practice with novices pointed out its superiority when compared to no practice at all. However, pre-test as well as familiarization using physical practice can influence the effect from mental practice. This study investigated the effects of mental practice in novice in the practiced task, as well as the location of physical practice in relation to mental practice. Twenty five undergraduate volunteers performed a serial positioning task and they were distributed in five groups in accordance to the type of practice: Physical (GPF), mental (GPM), physical-mental (GPFM), mental-physical (GPMF), and control group (GC) which took part only in tests. A non parametrical Anova applied in tests showed superiority of groups with physical practice (GPF, GPFM, and GPMF) to control and mental practice groups. In considering the small sample, the results suggest that mental practice in novice subjects depends on physical practice to be effective, regardless its location (before or after).
Keywords : Mental practice; Physical practice; Motor learning; Novice.