versão impressa ISSN 1807-5932
ARAGAO, José Aderval et al. Metric measurements and attachment levels of the medial patellofemoral ligament: an anatomical study in cadavers. Clinics [online]. 2008, vol.63, n.4, pp. 541-544. ISSN 1807-5932. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1807-59322008000400021.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the metric measurements and to verify the attachment levels of the medial patellofemoral ligament in human cadavers. METHODS: Seventeen knees (eight right and nine left knees) from 10 cadavers (nine male and one female) were dissected and stored in a 10% formaldehyde solution. All of the knees were whole and did not show any macroscopic signs of injuries. RESULTS: The medial patellofemoral ligament was present in 88% of the knees studied, localized transversally between the medial femoral epicondyle and the medial margin of the patella. Its dimensions were quite variable, even between the knees of the same individual. The width of the patellar insertion ranged from 16 to 38.8 mm, with a mean of 27.90 mm, and its mean length was 55.67 mm. The margins of the ligament were concave or rectilinear. At the upper margin, the concave form predominated and was better characterized, while at the lower margin, the rectilinear form predominated. CONCLUSIONS: The medial patellofemoral ligament is a very distinct structure with variable anatomical aspects and is always located in a plane inferior to the vastus medialis obliquus muscle.
Palavras-chave : Anatomy; Knee; Ligaments; Patella; Luxation of the patella.