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Clinics

Print version ISSN 1807-5932

Abstract

SCHACHNER, Thomas et al. Influence of preoperative serum N-terminal pro-brain type natriuretic peptide on the postoperative outcome and survival rates of coronary artery bypass patients. Clinics [online]. 2010, vol.65, n.12, pp. 1239-1245. ISSN 1807-5932.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1807-59322010001200004.

BACKGROUND: The N-terminal fragment of pro-brain type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is an established biomarker for cardiac failure. OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of preoperative serum NT-proBNP on postoperative outcome and mid-term survival in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: In 819 patients undergoing isolated CABG surgery preoperative serum NT-proBNP levels were measured. NT-proBNP was correlated with various postoperative outcome parameters and survival rate after a median follow-up time of 18 (0.5-44) months. Risk factors of mortality were identified using χ2, Mann-Whitney test, and Cox regression. RESULTS: NT-proBNP levels >430 ng/ml and >502 ng/ml predicted hospital and overall mortality (p<0.05), with an incidence of 1.6% and 4%, respectively. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed decreased survival rates in patients with NT-proBNP >502 ng/ml (p=0.001). Age, preoperative serum creatinine, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, low left ventricular ejection fraction and BNP levels >502 ng/ml were isolated as risk factors for overall mortality. Multivariate Cox regression analysis, including the known factors influencing NT-proBNP levels, identified NT-proBNP as an independent risk factor for mortality (OR = 3.079 (CI = 1.149-8.247), p = 0.025). Preoperative NT-proBNP levels >502 ng/ml were associated with increased ventilation time (p=0.005), longer intensive care unit stay (p=0.001), higher incidence of postoperative hemofiltration (p=0.001), use of intra-aortic balloon pump (p<0.001), and postoperative atrial fibrillation (p=0.031) CONCLUSION: Preoperative NT-proBNP levels >502 ng/ml predict mid-term mortality after isolated CABG and are associated with significantly higher hospital mortality and perioperative complications.

Keywords : Brain type natriuretic peptide; BNP; NT-proBNP; CABG; Coronary artery disease.

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