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Clinics

versão impressa ISSN 1807-5932

Resumo

CORDEIRO, Antonio Carlos et al. Study of the incidence of dialysis in São Paulo, the largest Brazilian city. Clinics [online]. 2013, vol.68, n.6, pp.760-765. ISSN 1807-5932.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2013(06)06.

OBJECTIVES:

Chronic kidney disease is a major public health problem worldwide. In Brazil, approximately 100,000 patients (January 2012) receive renal replacement therapy. Nevertheless, data on dialysis incidence in the Brazilian population are scarce. This study aims to analyze the incidence of patients starting dialysis therapy in São Paulo City, the largest Brazilian metropolis.

METHOD:

This cohort study analyzed data from 9,994 patients starting hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis funded by the Brazilian Public Health System during a 5-year period (2007-2011). Patient data for this study (recorded as electronic files) were obtained from the São Paulo City's Dialysis Regulatory Bureau, which regulates the allocation of patients requiring dialytic therapy.

RESULTS:

The dialysis incidence rates were 178, 174, 170, 185 and 188 per million population for the years 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2011, respectively. The incidence rates increased with age. Hypertension and diabetes were the main etiologies diagnosed. Hemodialysis was the chosen dialysis modality in the majority of patients (92.6%), whereas the percentage of patients referred for peritoneal dialysis decreased from 10.1% to 5.5%.

CONCLUSION:

The incidence of patients starting renal replacement therapy from 2007-2011 in São Paulo was stable but higher than the projected incidence for the entire country. The authors emphasize the need for further studies of the incidence of dialysis in the Brazilian population and for the creation of a Brazilian registry of dialysis patients, which would be a valuable tool for developing healthcare policies and renal replacement therapy strategies.

Palavras-chave : Chronic Kidney Disease; Dialysis Incidence; Renal Replacement Therapy; Brazil.

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