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Clinics

Print version ISSN 1807-5932On-line version ISSN 1980-5322

Abstract

LEITE, Renata Aparecida et al. Monitoring auditory cortical plasticity in hearing aid users with long latency auditory evoked potentials: a longitudinal study. Clinics [online]. 2018, vol.73, e51.  Epub Feb 19, 2018. ISSN 1807-5932.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2018/e51.

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study was to compare long-latency auditory evoked potentials before and after hearing aid fittings in children with sensorineural hearing loss compared with age-matched children with normal hearing.

METHODS:

Thirty-two subjects of both genders aged 7 to 12 years participated in this study and were divided into two groups as follows: 14 children with normal hearing were assigned to the control group (mean age 9 years and 8 months), and 18 children with mild to moderate symmetrical bilateral sensorineural hearing loss were assigned to the study group (mean age 9 years and 2 months). The children underwent tympanometry, pure tone and speech audiometry and long-latency auditory evoked potential testing with speech and tone burst stimuli. The groups were assessed at three time points.

RESULTS:

The study group had a lower percentage of positive responses, lower P1-N1 and P2-N2 amplitudes (speech and tone burst), and increased latencies for the P1 and P300 components following the tone burst stimuli. They also showed improvements in long-latency auditory evoked potentials (with regard to both the amplitude and presence of responses) after hearing aid use.

CONCLUSIONS:

Alterations in the central auditory pathways can be identified using P1-N1 and P2-N2 amplitude components, and the presence of these components increases after a short period of auditory stimulation (hearing aid use). These findings emphasize the importance of using these amplitude components to monitor the neuroplasticity of the central auditory nervous system in hearing aid users.

Keywords : Auditory Evoked Potentials; Hearing Aid; Child; Neuronal Plasticity.

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