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Clinics

Print version ISSN 1807-5932On-line version ISSN 1980-5322

Abstract

PEDROSO, Vinicius S.P. et al. Early psychiatric morbidity in a Brazilian sample of acute ischemic stroke patients. Clinics [online]. 2018, vol.73, e55.  Epub May 03, 2018. ISSN 1807-5932.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2018/e055.

OBJECTIVE:

Stroke is a major public health problem worldwide, and its neuropsychiatric sequelae are frequent and disabling. Furthermore, there is evidence that these sequelae impair recovery. Brazil has the highest stroke rates in Latin America, but data on the frequency of neuropsychiatric disorders in these patients are scarce. This study aimed to identify mental disorders among in-hospital patients with acute ischemic stroke.

METHODS:

The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview-Plus (MINI-Plus) was applied to 60 patients during the first week of hospitalization.

RESULTS:

Psychiatric disorders were diagnosed in 55% of the patients. A wide range of neuropsychiatric disorders have been identified, mainly mood and anxiety disorders. Specifically, we identified major depression (26.7%), alcohol abuse or dependence (11.7%), specific phobia (8.3%), generalized anxiety disorder (6.7%), psychosis (5.0%), social phobia (3.3%), adjustment disorder (3.3%) and panic disorder (1.7%).

CONCLUSION:

Psychiatric comorbidity should be evaluated as part of the rehabilitation of stroke patients and should be carefully examined by physicians.

Keywords : Stroke; Neuropsychiatry; Depression; Anxiety.

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