SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.74High-resolution computed tomography findings in young infants with cystic fibrosis detected by newborn screeningRelationship between gait speed and physical function in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Clinics

Print version ISSN 1807-5932On-line version ISSN 1980-5322

Abstract

PAJECKI, Denis et al. Changes in the intestinal microbiota of superobese patients after bariatric surgery. Clinics [online]. 2019, vol.74, e1198.  Epub Oct 28, 2019. ISSN 1980-5322.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2019/e1198.

OBJECTIVES:

The gut microbiota is associated with obesity and weight loss after bariatric surgery and has been related to its changing pattern. Exactly how the bacterial population affects weight loss and the results of surgery remain controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the intestinal microbiota of superobese patients before and after gastric bypass surgery (RYGB).

METHOD:

DNA fragments for the microbiota obtained from stool samples collected from nine superobese patients before and after bariatric surgery were sequenced using Ion Torrent.

RESULTS:

We observed that with a mean follow-up of 15 months, patients achieved 55.9% excess weight loss (EWL). A significant population reduction in the Proteobacteria phylum (11 to 2%, p=0.0025) was observed after surgery, while no difference was seen in Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes. Further analyses performed with two specific individuals with divergent clinical outcomes showed a change in the pattern between them, with a significant increase in Firmicutes and a decrease in Bacteroidetes in the patient with less weight loss (%EWL 50.79 vs. 61.85).

CONCLUSIONS:

RYGB affects the microbiota of superobese patients, with a significant reduction in Proteobacteria in patients with different weight loss, showing that different bacteria may contribute to the process.

Keywords : Gut Microbiota; Fecal; Obesity; Bariatric Surgery; Gastric Bypass.

        · text in English     · English ( pdf )