Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy
On-line version ISSN 1807-8621
SILVA, Maria Anita Gonçalves da et al. Methodologies and extractor efficiency for zinc, copper, iron and manganese. Acta Sci., Agron. [online]. 2009, vol.31, n.3, pp. 537-545. ISSN 1807-8621. http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actasciagron.v31i3.736.
Correlation studies were used to evaluate the extraction methodologies for micronutrients in soils of Paraná State, Brazil, aiming at the standardization of methods. The following were evaluated: Acid extractors (Mehlich 1), in a soil-to-extractor ratio of 1:5 and 1:10; an extractor composed of acid and complexing components (Mehlich 3), used in a 1:10 ratio; and a complexing extractor (DTPA), in 1:2. The Mehlich 1 and Melich 3 had two extraction forms: a) immediate filtration or after agitation; and b) filtration after decantation of 16 hours. Correlations were established between the micronutrients in the soil and in corn plants. It was concluded that the higher content of Zn and Cu occurred with the use of Mehlich 1 (1:10), with filtration after decantation and with Mehlich 3 (1:10), with immediate filtration and filtration after decantation.. In the correlation studies, it was verified that the standard methodology of the laboratories in Paraná State, which uses Mehlich 1, with filtration after decantation, obtained good correlation in the determination of Zn, with Mehlich 1 (1:10) and (1:5), with immediate filtration or after decantation; in the determination of Mn and Fe, the methodology pattern presented better correlation with DTPA and with Mehlich 3, with immediate filtration or after decantation. For the determination of Cu, all extraction methodologies were equivalent.
Keywords : micronutrients; availability; Paraná State soils.