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Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy

On-line version ISSN 1807-8621

Abstract

SILVA, Raphael Rossi et al. The use of photothermal quotient and frost risk to identify suitable sowing dates for wheat. Acta Sci., Agron. [online]. 2014, vol.36, n.1, pp.99-110. ISSN 1807-8621.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actasciagron.v36i1.14854.

The potential yield of wheat is mainly determined by temperature, solar radiation and the photothermal quotient. The objective of this study was to determine the temporal and spatial variability of the photothermal quotient and the frost risk to identify suitable sowing dates for wheat in Parana State, Brazil. The results showed that the photothermal quotient has greater spatial variability than temporal variability. The sowing date affects crop conditions that can in turn affect yield. However, the photothermal quotient and frost risk fluctuate differently in different Value for Cultivation and Use (VCU) regions. The regions VCU 1 and VCU 2 showed greater temporal variability of the photothermal quotient. The photothermal quotient ranged from 1.5 to 2.0 MJ m-2 day ºC in VCU 1, from 1.1 to 1.5 MJ m-2 day ºC in VCU 2 and from 1.0 to 1.2 MJ m-2 day ºC in VCU 3. Sowing performed in June provided the greatest photothermal quotient in all VCU regions. However, June sowing increased the frost risk in VCU 1. Thus, the sowing date can be used as a management tool for the attainment of higher yield in wheat.

Keywords : Triticum aestivum (L.); yield potential; solar radiation.

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