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Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy

Print version ISSN 1679-9275On-line version ISSN 1807-8621

Abstract

SILVA, Diego Mathias Natal da et al. Growth and development of yacon in different periods of planting and growing regions. Acta Sci., Agron. [online]. 2018, vol.40, e39442.  Epub Sep 03, 2018. ISSN 1679-9275.  https://doi.org/10.4025/actasciagron.v40i1.39442.

The increasing interest in the commercial exploitation of yacon has demanded adequate technological knowledge for the implantation and management of the crop, including planting periods and cultivation regions that contribute to the satisfactory growth and development of the species. This study was conducted in two different locations, one in a mountainous region and another in a lowland region. In each location, yacon was planted in four different seasons, fall (April), winter (July), spring (September) and summer (December). We collected primary dry matter accumulation data for different parts of the plant and the leaf area at 30 day intervals. We used these values to calculate the following morphophysiological indexes: specific leaf area, leaf area index, tillage growth rate and net assimilation rate. We concluded that planting in the fall in mountainous or lowland sites favoured the growth and development of yacon. Cultivation in mountainous regions, regardless of the planting season, promoted a greater mass accumulation of tuberous roots, which may be reflected in higher productivity. Both fall and winter planting in the mountainous region allows root harvesting at the same time.

Keywords : Smallanthus sonchifolius; growth analysis; production.

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