Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences
On-line version ISSN 1807-8672
CANDIDO, Ebson Pereira et al. Ingestive behavior of Guzerat and Sindhi heifers under the effects of feed restriction. Acta Sci., Anim. Sci. [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.3, pp. 297-303. ISSN 1807-8672. http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actascianimsci.v34i3.14328.
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of feed restriction on the ingestive behavior of Guzerat and Sindhi heifers. A total of 36 heifers were used, 18 from each breed, randomly distributed in a completely randomized design, in a 2 x 3 factorial scheme. The treatments used were 20 and 40% restriction compared to intake by animals from the third group, which were fed ad libitum (without restriction). For the behavioral analysis, the scan sampling method was used by logging and recording times in five-minute intervals during 24 hours, thus estimating the time spent feeding, ruminating and idling. With regard to the imposed restrictions, it was observed that non-restricted animals showed greater feeding time and lower resting time (p < 0.05); the two breeds showed the same feeding efficiency. When subjected to levels up to 40% of feed restriction, both studied genotypes perform similarly with regard to ingestive behavior, feeding efficiency and cud chews. However, there was an effect of the restriction levels on the patterns of ingestive behavior and cud chews, although there were no changes to feeding efficiency or chewing time per cud.
Keywords : ethology; nutrition; zebu.