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Arquivos do Instituto Biológico

versão On-line ISSN 1808-1657

Resumo

NAIS, J.; BUSOLI, A.C.  e  MICHELOTTO, M.D.. Behavior of transgenic maize hybrids and their conventional isogenic counterparts in relation to infestation of Spodoptera Frugiperda (j. E. Smith, 1727) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) at two locations and sowing dates. Arq. Inst. Biol. [online]. 2013, vol.80, n.2, pp.159-167. ISSN 1808-1657.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1808-16572013000200004.

The fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda is one of the most important pests of maize. Various studies are conducted for their management, integrating chemical and biological control tactics as well as resistant plants. In order to offer alternatives for an efficient management of this pest with minimal use of pesticides, the technology of genetically modified plants resistant to insects has been widely studied. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the natural infestation of larvae of S. frugiperda and their injuries under field conditions in transgenic maize hybrids compared to their conventional isogenic counterparts at two sowing dates and two regions. The hybrids were planted in the "off season" of 2010 in Jaboticabal, SP, Brazil, and the summer of 2010/2011 in Jaboticabal, and Pindorama, SP, in a randomized block with seven treatments (hybrids) and four replications. Different levels of infestation of larvae occurred throughout the phenological development of plants in conventional and genetically modified hybrids with significant differences between the two groups in most evaluations. The hybrid 2B710HX was the least infested with caterpillars and had the least damaged leaf area. It follows that the Cry1F toxin was the most effective in protecting the plant in relation to other toxic proteins expressed by the other Bt hybrids against infestation and damage promoted by this pest, regardless of time of sowing.

Palavras-chave : Control; fall armyworm; GMO; transgenic.

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