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Arquivos do Instituto Biológico

versão On-line ISSN 1808-1657

Resumo

ANTUNES, L.E.G. et al. Effect of dose and exposure to diatomaceous earth on different insects in stored corn. Arq. Inst. Biol. [online]. 2013, vol.80, n.2, pp.169-176. ISSN 1808-1657.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1808-16572013000200005.

Sitophilus zeamais and Tribolium castaneum are important insect pests of stored grain and their damage corresponds to approximately 25% of post-harvest losses in Brazil. The methods used for the control of these pests notably include the use of post-harvest inert dusts. Therefore, the objective was to assess the mortality of adult S. zeamais and T. castaneum with the use of diatomaceous earth (DE) at different dosages and durations. The treatments with diatomaceous earth were 1,000 and 2,000 GT-1 and control (no application). Insects (10 each species) were placed in 300-ml plastic containers containing 100 g of corn kernels with different moisture contents (12, 14 and 16% wb). Infestations occurred 1 hour, 10 and 20 days after the application of TD. Mortality was evaluated at 30 and 60 days. There were five replicates per treatment. There was a higher mortality for the species S. zeamais than for T. castaneum, and this morality rate increased in direct relation to insect exposure time. It was concluded that T. castaneum has greater tolerance and that the more time the insects are in contact with treated grain the greater the mortality.

Palavras-chave : Sitophilus zeamais; Tribolium castaneum; inert powder.

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