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Arquivos do Instituto Biológico

versão On-line ISSN 1808-1657

Resumo

CAVALCANTE, Francisco Roger Aguiar et al. Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis virus is detected in oocytes and uterine fluid by nested PCR and nested RT-PCR. Arq. Inst. Biol. [online]. 2013, vol.80, n.4, pp.381-386. ISSN 1808-1657.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1808-16572013000400002.

Caprine arthritis-encephalitis (CAE) is an infectious disease caused by the caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV), belonging to the lentivirus genus. The presence of the virus has been observed in the nervous system, respiratory tract and mammary gland, and also in the male and female genital tract. The objective of this study is to identify the virus in oocyte and uterine fluid of infected goats by molecular diagnostic techniques, in order to assess the possibility of CAEV transmission with reproduction. Thirteen infected goats were selected and submitted to euthanasia for the collection of the reproductive system, aspiration of the uterine fluid and dissection of ovaries for oocyte collection. In order to identify the CAEV in the collected material, in the protovirus and free forms, it was submitted to the nRT-PCR and nPCR techniques, respectively. As a result, it was observed that 53.8% of oocytes were positive to nRT-PCR, while only 9.1% were positive to nPCR. The nRT-PCR also identified the virus in the uterine fluid of 46.1% of the tested females. Even though the 13 goats had CAEV, 30.8% presented negative results in nPCR and nRT-PCR in all of the analyzed samples (oocyte and uterine fluid). This work concludes that nRT-PCR and nPCR can be used in the diagnosis of CAE for the analysis with oocytes and uterine fluid, and that the presence of CAEV in these materials points out to the risk of CAEV transmission through reproductive technologies used in females.

Palavras-chave : goat; diagnosis; reproduction; lentivirus; CAEV.

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