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Arquivos do Instituto Biológico

On-line version ISSN 1808-1657

Abstract

NASCIMENTO, Caliandra Bona et al. Diagnostic tools of small ruminant lentiviruses: standardization of indirect ELISA. Arq. Inst. Biol. [online]. 2014, vol.81, n.1, pp.9-15. ISSN 1808-1657.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1808-16572014000100003.

The Small Ruminant Lentiviruses (SRLVs) include Maedi-Visna (MV) of sheep and Caprine Arthritis-Encephalitis (CAE). These diseases are widespread and responsible for major production losses regarding sheep and goats. The SRLV is a RNA virus of the subfamily Lentivirus genus that causes persistent infections in goats. Early detection is one of the best ways to limit its spread in the herd. To contribute to these issues, this experiment was conducted at Universidade Federal doPiauí in partnership with Embrapa Goats and Sheep, with the objective of standardizing the technique of indirect ELISA (i-ELISA) and to compare it with Immunodiffusion in Agarose Gel to diagnose Caprine Lentiviruses (LC). Six hundred ninety six serum samples were used from the University Veterinary Hospital, Universidade Federal do Piauí, from January 2007 to March 2010. Standardization showed that 0.25 µg protein/well, a 1:200 dilution of the serum and concentration of 1:3,000 of the conjugated anti-goat IgG presented the best results. It was observed that the Agar Gel Immunodiffusion (AGID) detected 128 (18.4%) positive samples, and ELISA, 259 (37.2%). The sensitivity and specificity of i-ELISA regarding AGID were 94.5% and 75.7%, respectively. A higher prevalence was observed among animals older than six months (p < 0.05). The prevalence among males was of 56.7%, and among females, 35.4% (p < 0.01).

Keywords : diagnosis; small ruminant lentiviruses; i-ELISA; AGID.

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