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Arquivos do Instituto Biológico

versão On-line ISSN 1808-1657

Resumo

RUBIN, Rafael Salles et al. Relative competitive ability of irrigated rice with red rice susceptible or resistant to the herbicide imazapyr + imazapic. Arq. Inst. Biol. [online]. 2014, vol.81, n.2, pp.173-179. ISSN 1808-1657.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1808-1657001242012.

The intensive use of herbicides with the same mechanism of action has selected resistant weeds, among which is the red rice (Oryza sativa L.) after the use of the formulated herbicide mixture of imazapyr and imazapic. The competition of weeds leads to usually increasing yield losses of crops, the more similar the morphological and physiological characteristics between weed and crop. Moreover, the competitive ability of the biotype is generally modified by the resistance characteristic; besides, the knowledge of competitive ability is fundamental to understand the dynamics of the resistant population. Therefore, the aim of this research was to study the competitive ability of red rice biotypes that are resistant and susceptible to imazapyr and imazapic herbicide with rice, using the series substitution method. Experiments were conducted with Puitá INTA CL cultivar competing with susceptible or resistant biotypes of red rice. The total plant populations per pot were of 24, similar to 942 plants m-2. For red rice that is resistant or susceptible to herbicide, the interspecific competition is favorable with regard to intraspecific competition, while for the irrigated rice the competitor is independent. Generally, the Puitá INTA CL cultivar presents competitive ability equivalent to red rice biotypes that are susceptible or resistant to imazapyr and imazapic herbicide, competing for the same resources from the environment.

Palavras-chave : Oryza sativa; competition; imidazolinone; resistance.

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