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Arquivos do Instituto Biológico

versão On-line ISSN 1808-1657

Resumo

MENEZES, Claubert Wagner Guimarães de et al. Can the diet of the prey Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) affect the development of the predator Podisus nigrispinus (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae)?. Arq. Inst. Biol. [online]. 2014, vol.81, n.3, pp.250-256. ISSN 1808-1657.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1808-1657001212012.

Natural enemies are important for controlling pests in agricultural and forestry culture. The reproductions of predatory insects in biofactories should have low cost to be used in Integrated Pest Management Program (IPM). The objective of this study was to evaluate the development of Podisus nigrispinus Dallas, 1851 (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) fed with Tenebrio molitor Linnaeus, 1758 (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). The larvae of T. molitor were created with the following diets: wheat bran, shredded or pelleted poultry feed layers and corn meal. Parameters for the development and reproduction of the P. nigrispinus were obtained. Parameters of the life table show population growth in all treatments. However, the net rate of reproduction (Ro) of P. nigrispinus was lower when they were fed with larvae of T. molitor created with corn meal, which proved to be the least adequate food for this predator. By providing a larger total number of eggs, wheat bran was the best diet for P. nigrispinus. Studies on alternative prey diets are important as they may favor the nutrition of natural enemies and, consequently, improve the performance in laboratory rearing.

Palavras-chave : Biology; biological control; insect nutrition; mass rearing; natural enemies.

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