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Arquivos do Instituto Biológico

On-line version ISSN 1808-1657

Abstract

SOUZA, Mariana Assunção de et al. Frequency of macroscopic lesions in cattle positive to the tuberculin skin test. Arq. Inst. Biol. [online]. 2014, vol.81, n.4, pp.363-367. ISSN 1808-1657.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1808-1657000402013.

The aim of this study was to analyze the frequency of macroscopic lesions suggestive of tuberculosis in cattle reacting to the tuberculin test. Cattle of this study were from dairy herds located in the cities of Perdizes, Patos de Minas, Lagoa Formosa and Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil. We evaluated 140 cattle carcasses positive to the cervical comparative intradermal tuberculin test. During the slaughter a post-mortem inspection of carcasses was done, and the lesions suggestive of tuberculosis were recorded. We evaluated the mediastinal lymph nodes, liver, lung and carcass. Of the 140 cattle examined, 78 (55%) carcasses had some kind of macroscopic lesions suggestive of tuberculosis, 38 (49%) occurred only in the mediastinal lymph nodes, 22 (28%) in the liver and 11 (14%) in the lungs; 5 (6%) carcasses showed lesions in liver, lungs and lymph node, and 2 (4%) showed lesions in lung and lymph nodes. We concluded that lesions that were not visualized in bovine tuberculin skin test reagents may occur and are related mainly to the stage of the disease, insufficient time to detect the lesions, and nonspecific reactions to other mycobacteria.

Keywords : Mycobacterium bovis; slaughter; skin test.

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