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Arquivos do Instituto Biológico

On-line version ISSN 1808-1657

Abstract

PARES, Rafaela Barbosa; ALVES, Luis Francisco Angeli; MAMPRIM, Ana Paula  and  BONINI, Andreia Kusumota. Alternative phytosanitary products against to white muscardine in Bombyx mori L. (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae). Arq. Inst. Biol. [online]. 2017, vol.84, e0642015.  Epub Aug 03, 2017. ISSN 1808-1657.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1808-1657000642015.

This work aimed to evaluate the effects of the products Biogermex®, Agro-mos®, Soil-Set® and Planta Clean® on the development of white muscardine in Bombyx mori. Products have been tested at two stages for effects on biology of caterpillars and on silk production (1), and then they were evaluated to know their potential in the prevention/control of white muscardine (2). Products were sprayed on mulberry leaves (preventive treatment) and also on the integument of silkworms (curative treatment). At the first stage, the products were applied on four consecutive days, in one of the daily feeds. Planta Clean® - curative treatment - and Soil-Set® - preventive treatment - caused mortality in 63.3% and 30% of silk worms, respectively. The fungus Beauveria bassiana was inoculated at the concentration 5 × 107 conidia/mL on the leaves and insects. The products were applied three hours after application on the fungus, in a single application, and also for four days in the other groups. A group of silkworms sprayed only with the fungus served as control. Biogermex® - curative treatment applied once and for four times - was the most effective, reducing mortality by 25 and 26.7%, respectively, as compared with the control group. None of the evaluated products acts preventively against white muscardine.

Keywords : silkworm; Beauveria bassiana; disease control.

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