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OLIVEIRA, Mauricio Pagy de Calais et al. Biomechanical comparative study of compression strength between poliaxial screws Dytech® Locked type and poliaxial screws Lock 1®. Coluna/Columna [online]. 2010, vol.9, n.3, pp. 265-270. ISSN 1808-1851.

OBJECTIVE: To compare rigidity of a pedicle fixation system composed of poliaxial pedicle screws with Dytech® lock system to one composed of poliaxial screws with Lock 1® system, submitted to compression strengths. METHODS: The sample used to evaluate the fixation systems respected the norms of the standard described by the American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM) in trial F1717-04. The models were divided into: Group 1, composed of trials using poliaxial screws with Dytech® system, and Group 2, used poliaxial screws with Lock 1® system. Three complete sets were tested. Each system was tested only once because it´s a destructive essay. The implanted components were produced with titanium coming from the same origin. The experimental groups were submitted to mechanical tests in a universal testing machine EMIC, model EMIC DL 10000®. RESULTS: The samples of Group 1 showed an average maximum charge of 967,17 N, and an average discharging load of 814,71 N. The samples of Group 2 showed an average maximum charge of 906,04 N, and an average discharging load of 834,56 N. About the integrity of the used metallic components, was not noted any kind of failure in all of them. CONCLUSION: The pofilaxial screws system with Dytech® lock has presented greater rigidity, while the Lock 1® system screws showed greater maximum displacement.

Palabras clave : Bone screws; Bone plates; Fracture fixation, internal [instrumentation]; Titanium; Biomechanics; In vitro.

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