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PEREIRA, Ana Carolina de C. Issy et al. Injury model by needle puncture of the Wistar rats' tail: histological and radiographic assessments. Coluna/Columna [online]. 2010, vol.9, n.4, pp.455-461. ISSN 1808-1851.

OBJECTIVE: to report the induction of intervertebral disc degeneration of the rat caudal spine by needle puncture and its radiographic and histologic characterization. METHODS: adult male Wistar rats were anesthetized, submitted to the X-Ray and then to the needle puncture (20G) of intervertebral disc between the sixth and seventh (proximal segment) and the eighth and ninth (distal segment) coccygeal vertebrae. Radiographies were taken 30 days after lesion for analysis of intervertebral disc height. The intermediate disc (7-8) to injured segments was not punctured and was considered as control. All segments were removed, fixed and demineralized, processed and stained with Hematoxylin-Eosin for histological evaluation. RESULTS: radiographic analysis revealed significant reduction in disc height of lesioned discs compared to control. Similarly, histological analysis revealed significant changes in the nucleus pulposus and annulus fibrosus of the lesioned discs (proximal and distal) relative to the control. There was no difference in the intensity of injury between the proximal and distal discs. CONCLUSION: the experimental model of tail intervertebral disc degeneration by needle puncture reproduced the steps of the intervertebral disc degeneration, assessed by different instruments, and it can be used for experimental evaluation of new therapeutic interventions for intervertebral disc degeneration process.

Keywords : Intervertebral disc degeneration; Histology; Intervertebral disc; Rats, Wistar.

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