Print version ISSN 1808-1851
MATTEDI, Ricardo da Vitória et al. Descriptive study about the first collective effort of elective surgeries for scoliosis treatment in Brazil. Coluna/Columna [online]. 2012, vol.11, n.1, pp. 63-65. ISSN 1808-1851. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1808-18512012000100011.
OBJECTIVE: Describe the statistical results of the first campaign for elective surgeries performed in Brazil, not only in order to make the initiative public, but more importantly, so that the knowledge of these actions will encourage other States and also other collaborative efforts in Espírito Santo. METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional observational study, which evaluated people from Grande Vitória and from the State of Espirito Santo with deformities or dorsal pain of musculoskeletal origin, classifying them according to age, sex and pathology, and when the diagnosis was scoliosis, if possible classified according to King, Lenke, Winter et al. and Lounstein and Akbarnia, and then indicating the treatment. RESULTS: We studied 169 patients, 48 men and 121 women with mean age of 39.7 years and 41.1 years, respectively. Of the total patients, 25.4% had orthopedic diseases general 36.1% had specific diseases of the spine, except scoliosis, and 38.5% had scoliosis. Scoliosis was of adolescent idiopathic type in 81.5% of patients, the majority being classified as type II by King and Lenke as type I.Among other causes, the most common congenital scoliosis was associated contralateral hemivertebra when ranked by Winter et al. and the neuromuscular type 2B was the most common when ranked by Louenstein Akbarnia. CONCLUSION: Our data corroborate the epidemiological literature. We have achieved a satisfactory number of patients with spinal diseases, determined a treatment and follow-up plan, and also divulged these diseases, providing guidance to the people about them.
Keywords : Scoliosis [epidemiology]; Scoliosis [pathology]; Scoliosis [surgery]; Spinal Diseases.