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SONAGLI, Marcos André et al. Anterior cervical corpectomy and plate fixation: a retrospective analysis . Coluna/Columna [online]. 2012, vol.11, n.3, pp.204-208. ISSN 1808-1851.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and radiographic results of patients who underwent corpectomy and cervical plate fixation surgery with two years of follow-up. METHODS: Retrospective analysis from 2003 to 2009. We evaluated the fracture type (AO classification), the degree of neurological deficit (initial and after two years - Frankel scale), the complication rate and the rate of bone graft incorporation (according to X-rays two years after surgery). RESULTS: 21 patients were evaluated. According to the AO classification: 14 were in group A, 3 in B and 4 in C. Overall, seven patients had initial complete neurological deficit (Frankel A) and remained with neurological complete deficit after two years of follow-up. Of the 6 patients who had incomplete initial neurological deficit (Frankel B, C and D), 33% (2 of 6) showed an improvement on the Frankel scale level and 50% (3 of 6) of these progressed to full recovery (Frankel E). The 8 patients without initial neurological injury (Frankel E) remained unaffected after two years. Three clinical complications were observed: an esophageal fistula, an aseptic loosening of the implant and an infection in the graft donor site. All patients had bone graft consolidation. CONCLUSION: Cervical corpectomy in the treatment of burst fractures allows neurological recovery in patients with incomplete neurological injury and has low complication rates.

Keywords : Spine [surgery]; Spinal fusion [methods]; Orthopedic. procedures [instrumentation]; Prostheses and implants.

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