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vol.15 issue1FUNCTIONAL DISABILITY, SAGITTAL ALIGNMENT AND PELVIC BALANCE IN LUMBAR SPONDYLOLISTHESISTREATMENT OF LUMBAR HERNIAS BY ENDOSCOPIC NUCLEOPLASTY WITH RADIOFREQUENCY author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Coluna/Columna

Print version ISSN 1808-1851On-line version ISSN 2177-014X

Abstract

CORREDOR, Jose Alfredo et al. NONOPERATIVE VERSUS OPERATIVE TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH DEGENERATIVE SPONDYLOLISTHESIS. Coluna/Columna [online]. 2016, vol.15, n.1, pp.33-35. ISSN 2177-014X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1808-185120161501153514.

Objective:

To evaluate clinical and functional results of patients with lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis treated with operatively or nonoperatively.

Methods:

Patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis treated either nonoperatively or operatively from 2004 to 2014 were selected from databases and a cross-sectional evaluation was performed. Outcome measures included back and leg visual analogue scales (VAS), Fischgrund criteria, Short Form-36 (SF-36) function score, and the modified Oswestry Disability Index (ODI).

Results:

43 patients were evaluated: 20 with nonoperative treatment and 23 with operative treatment. Baseline characteristics were similar without significant differences between groups. Mean follow-up time was 43 months (range 10 - 72) for the nonoperative group and 36 months (range 6-80) for the operative group. Significant statistical difference in favor of operative group were found in back VAS (mean 4 versus 8, p = 0.000), leg VAS (mean 3 versus 6, p = 0.0015), SF-36 function score (mean 77 versus 35, p = 0.000), and ODI (mean 17 versus 46, p = 0.000). On the basis of the Fischgrund criteria, only 10 % of patients reported excellent or good health post nonoperative treatment versus 83% for those treated operatively (p = 0.000).

Conclusion:

In this cross-sectional study, we observed that symptomatic patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis who underwent operative treatment have superior clinical and functional scores compared to those that underwent nonoperative treatment.

Keywords : Visual analog scale; Degenerative spondylolisthesis; Spine fusion; Spinal canal stenosis; SF-36; Surgery; Nonoperative treatment; lumbar spine; Intervertebral disc degeneration..

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