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Coluna/Columna

Print version ISSN 1808-1851On-line version ISSN 2177-014X

Abstract

RAMOS, GUILHERME ZANDAVALLI et al. INFLUENCE OF THE MISDEF ALGORITHM ON THE THERAPEUTIC DECISION FOR VERTEBRAL DEFORMITY IN THE ADULT. Coluna/Columna [online]. 2020, vol.19, n.2, pp.96-103.  Epub May 15, 2020. ISSN 2177-014X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1808-185120201902222428.

Objective

The therapeutic decision in cases of adult spinal deformity takes numerous factors into account with a consequent variability in treatment options. The objective is to compare the impact of the MISDEF (minimally invasive spine deformity) algorithm on therapeutic decisions in cases of adult spinal deformity.

Methods

Prospective radiographic analysis of 40 cases of adult deformity. The cases were sent, in two steps, to 20 Latin American surgeons who had to choose among six treatment options with and without the use of the MISDEF.

Results

For the conducts of decompression, decompression and short fusion, decompression and fusion with interbody device, and osteotomy with extension of fusion to the thoracic spine, no significant differences were found when comparing decisions made with and without MISDEF. For osteotomy, we observed a tendency for the number of surgeons choosing this conduct to increase when the decision is made with MISDEF. We observed that the number of surgeons who decided on conservative treatment decreased with the use of MISDEF (p <0.001). In cases with sagittal vertical axis <6 cm or pelvic tilt <25 ° or PI-LL (pelvic incidence minus lumbar lordosis) <10 ° or coronal curve <20 °, there was a decrease in the conservative treatment option and an increase in osteotomy with proximal extension of the fusion with the use of MISDEF.

Conclusions

There is a tendency to increase indications of osteotomy and decrease the conservative treatment option when making a decision with MISDEF. The use of the algorithm showed no significant impact on the therapeutic decision in severe cases of adult deformity. Level of Evidence II; Prospective comparative radiographic analysis.

Keywords : Adult; Scoliosis; Spine; Conservative Treatment; Osteotomy.

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