Revista Direito GV
On-line version ISSN 2317-6172
FRASER, Nancy. Marketization, social protection and emancipation: ambivalences of feminism in the capitalist crisis . Rev. direito GV [online]. 2011, vol.7, n.2, pp.617-634. ISSN 2317-6172. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1808-24322011000200011.
This article is a reflection on the perspectives of feminism in the context of the current crisis of neoliberal capitalism. It is based on the theories of Karl Polanyi that explained the historical process of the crises as a result of the conflict between two elements - marketization and social protection. However, Polanyi Kept out of sight forms of injustice that are not present in the market. He also had the tendency to excuse the social protection as an instrument of domination. This article takes a broader view on the analysis of the conflict between Marketization and social protection. It includes in the analysis a third dimension, the emancipation. The inclusion of this third element transforms the historical process in a three dimensional conflict and forms the heart of a quasi-polanyian perspective that is able to explain the crisis of the XXI century. This text develops this new perspective and uses it to analyze the bets in the emancipation of the gender hierarchy. The triple movement, thus constituted, can overcome the ambivalence of feminism, as the feminist agenda was often manipulated by neoliberalism. The redefinition of social protection in democratic, participatory, non-hierarchic and non-oppressive terms, opens the possibility to a new feminist politics.
Keywords : Capitalism; Emancipation; Welfare State; Feminism; Gender.