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Revista Direito GV

versão On-line ISSN 2317-6172


ARRUBIA, Eduardo J.. The right to a name in relation to gender identity within the Inter-American Human Rights System: the case of the State of Costa Rica. Rev. direito GV [online]. 2018, vol.14, n.1, pp.148-168. ISSN 2317-6172.

From a social viewpoint, one of the main features that ensures the right to gender identity is the exercise of the right to a name. In early 2016, Costa Rica consulted the Inter-American Human Rights Court about the compatibility between International Human Rights Law and its domestic juridical system, which requires a judicial procedure in order to have a person´s first name legally modified. Therefore, we suggest a progressive analysis of this legal branch throughout the jurisprudence ruled by the referred Court. We also claim that the concepts of sexual orientation and gender identity both bear conventional status so as to make the non-discrimination and pro persona principles effective. We conclude that in this matter the enforcement of Costa Rica´s civil domestic law is not consistent with the International Human Rights Law.

Palavras-chave : Gender identity; Human Rights; name; sexuality; non-discrimination.

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