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Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

Print version ISSN 1808-8694On-line version ISSN 1808-8686

Abstract

ANGELI, Roberto Dihl; LAVINSKY, Luiz  and  DOLGANOV, Alexandre. Alterations in cochlear function during induced acute hyperinsulinemia in an animal model. Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) [online]. 2009, vol.75, n.5, pp.760-764. ISSN 1808-8686.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1808-86942009000500024.

Hyperinsulinism secondary to peripheral insulin resistance has been described as the most frequent etiologic factor in cochlear and vestibular syndromes. AIM: This experimental study recorded and analyzed evoked auditory potential changes using transtympanic electrocochleography (EcochG) during induced acute hyperinsulinism in an animal model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six adult male sheep were randomly divided into 2 groups. The animals were submitted to EcochG under general anesthesia, and a peripheral blood sample was collected to measure glycemia and insulinemia. Animals in the intervention group (n=3) received regular human insulin IV (0.1 U/kg). The control group (n=3) received saline solution. Glycemia and insulinemia were measured simultaneously with the recording of evoked potentials at 10-minute intervals during 90 minutes. RESULTS: The intervention group experienced a progressive suppression in action potential amplitude when compared to the control group (p=0.001). CONCLUSION: Data strongly suggest that acute induced hyperinsulinism suppresses cochlear function. Results may be attributed to loss of Na+K+ATPase activity in the stria vascularis, leading to loss of endocochlear potential and subsequent depolarization of cochlear hair cells as well as of neural cells in the auditory portion of cranial nerve VIII.

Keywords : audiometry; cochlea; evoked response.

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