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Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Print version ISSN 1808-8694
GUERRA, Tatiana Marques et al. Profile of audiometric thresholds and tympanometric curve of elderly patients. Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) [online]. 2010, vol.76, n.5, pp.663-666. ISSN 1808-8694. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1808-86942010000500022.
AIM: to analyze the audiological profile of elderly patients seen in a clinic from an audiology school clinic in the city of Belo Horizonte. METHODS: we studied all the charts from the patients who underwent audiologic assessment from April of 2004 and August of 2007 in an audiology clinic in the city of Belo Horizonte. RESULTS: We studied the 313 audiological tests from patients 60 years of age or over. The results from the audiological evaluations as to the type of hearing loss were: auditory thresholds within normal standards - 22.28%; sensorineural hearing loss - 60.62%; mixed hearing loss - 14.70%, conductive hearing loss - 2.40%. The level varied between normal and profound. As to the tympanometry, 83.22% had the type A curve, and the other types of curves obtained made up a total of 16.3%. The percentage of individuals who did not undergo the test was 0.48%. 1.76% of the patients who had unilateral hearing loss and 98.24% had bilateral hearing loss. CONCLUSIONS: we found a greater prevalence of sensorineural hearing loss, and the degree of the loss varied from mild to profound, with a prevalence of the moderate degree.
Keywords : hearing loss; aged; speech; sensorineural; hearing.