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Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

Print version ISSN 1808-8694

Abstract

CARVALHO, Ana Claudia Martinho de; BEVILACQUA, Maria Cecilia; SAMESHIMA, Koichi  and  COSTA FILHO, Orozimbo Alves. Auditory neuropathy/auditory dyssynchrony in children with cochlear implants. Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) [online]. 2011, vol.77, n.4, pp.481-487. ISSN 1808-8694.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1808-86942011000400012.

The electrical stimulation generated by the Cochlear Implant (CI) may improve the neural synchrony and hence contribute to the development of auditory skills in patients with Auditory Neuropathy/Auditory Dyssynchrony (AN/AD). AIM: Prospective cohort cross-sectional study to evaluate the auditory performance and the characteristics of the electrically evoked compound action potential (ECAP) in 18 children with AN/AD and cochlear implants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The auditory perception was evaluated by sound field thresholds and speech perception tests. To evaluate ECAP's characteristics, the threshold and amplitude of neural response were evaluated at 80Hz and 35Hz. RESULTS: No significant statistical difference was found concerning the development of auditory skills. The ECAP's characteristics differences at 80 and 35Hz stimulation rate were also not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: The CI was seen as an efficient resource to develop auditory skills in 94% of the AN/AD patients studied. The auditory perception benefits and the possibility to measure ECAP showed that the electrical stimulation could compensate for the neural dyssynchrony caused by the AN/AD. However, a unique clinical procedure cannot be proposed at this point. Therefore, a careful and complete evaluation of each AN/AD patient before recommending a Cochlear Implant is advised. Clinical Trials: NCT01023932

Keywords : cochlear implantation; auditory perception; Rehabilitation of Hearing Impaired.

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