Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Print version ISSN 1808-8694
VALERA, Fabiana et al. In vitro effect of glucocorticoids on nasal polyps. Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) [online]. 2011, vol.77, n.5, pp. 605-610. ISSN 1808-8694. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1808-86942011000500012.
Glucocorticoids are considered the main treatment option for nasal polyps, but their effect is only recently being understood. AIM: To evaluate whether fluticasone propionate (FP) inhibits the inflammatory process induced by TNF-alpha in vitro, and to assess if NF-kappaB is associated to this inhibition. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental in vitro study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nasal polyp fibroblasts were cultured during 24 hours. Three different concentrations of FP (1, 10 and 100 nM, added to TNF-alpha) were compared to negative (without additive) and positive (TNF-alpha) controls. Gene expression (RTQ-PCR) and protein concentration (ELISA) of VCAM-1, ICAM-1, eotaxin and RANTES were measured, as well as the nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB. RESULTS: TNF-alpha significantly increased protein concentration and RNA expression of all the studied molecules, as well as the nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB, when compared to the negative control. FP decreased these parameters in a dose-dependent manner, statistically different from positive control up to 100nM. CONCLUSIONS: FP extensively inhibited inflammatory recruiters, at both protein and RNA levels, confirming the ability of glucocorticoids to modulate the inflammatory process in nasal polyps. This inhibition was associated to decreased NF-kappaB nuclear translocation, demonstrating that this is an important mechanism of glucocorticoids action for nasal polyps.
Keywords : adrenal cortex hormones; nasal polyps; NF-kappa B; sinusitis.