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Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Print version ISSN 1808-8694
MONDELLI, Maria Fernanda Capoani Garcia and SOUZA, Patrícia Jorge Soalheiro de. Quality of life in elderly adults before and after hearing aid fitting. Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. [online]. 2012, vol.78, n.3, pp.49-56. ISSN 1808-8694. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1808-86942012000300010.
Presbycusis is a common disorder in the elderly, which causes hearing loss and may contribute to the development of some psychiatric disorders, leading to isolation due to communication difficulties in the social environment. OBJECTIVE: To identify through the WHOQOL (World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire), the quality of life of hearing impaired individuals before and after hearing aid fittings. METHOD: We had 30 individuals with hearing loss, all over 60 years of age - patients from a Speech Therapy Clinic. The patients answered the WHOQOL questions without the use of hearing aids; and after the effective use of a sound amplification device for a period of three months they answered it again. The WHOQOL - Bref consists of 26 questions, two general quality-of-life questions and 24 associated with four aspects: physical, psychological, environmental and social relations. RESULTS: There was a significant improvement in quality of life in general, as far as leisure activities were concerned, there were no major changes regarding the frequency of negative feelings; even after the hearing aid fitting, the patients continue to have such feelings. CONCLUSION: The use of hearing aids favored the overall quality of life of the individuals evaluated.
Keywords : hearing aids; hearing loss; quality of life.