Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
versão impressa ISSN 1808-8694
BEZERRA, Thiago Freire Pinto et al. Quality of life assessment septoplasty in patients with nasal obstruction. Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. [online]. 2012, vol.78, n.3, pp. 57-62. ISSN 1808-8694. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1808-86942012000300011.
Nasal obstruction is a common complaint in the population. When caused by a deviated nasal septum, septoplasty is the procedure of choice for treating these patients. NOSE is a tool for assessing the disease-specific quality of life related to nasal obstruction. AIM: To assess the impact of septoplasty on patients with nasal obstruction secondary to deviated nasal septum based on the disease-specific quality-of-life questionnaire. Design: Prospective. METHODS: Patients undergoing septoplasty with/without turbinectomy after no clinical improvement with medical treatment were assessed by the NOSE questionnaire before and 3 months after surgery. We evaluated the surgical improvement based on total score, the magnitude of the surgery in the disease-specific quality of life and the correlation between the preoperative score and postoperatively improvement. RESULTS: Fourty-six patients were included in the study. There was a statistically significant improvement in the preoperative NOSE score (md = 75, IQR = 26) and after three months (md = 10, IQR = 20) (p < 0.001.T-Wilcoxon). The standardized response mean was 3.07. We found a strong correlation between the preoperative score in the NOSE questionnaire and improvements in the postoperative period (r = -0.789, p < 0.001, Spearman). No difference was found in improvement scores by gender. (p = 0.668, U-Mann-Whitney). CONCLUSION: Septoplasty resulted in a statistically significant improvement in the disease-specific QOL questionnaire.
Palavras-chave : nasal obstruction; nasal septum; quality of life.