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Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

Print version ISSN 1808-8694On-line version ISSN 1808-8686

Abstract

LIMA, Ticianna Garambone de Cerqueira et al. Power reflectance testing in newborns and infants,. Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. [online]. 2015, vol.81, n.6, pp.610-615. ISSN 1808-8694.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2015.08.008.

INTRODUCTION:

Auditory screening in newborns allows for detection of hearing problems early in life. However, middle ear diseases can make the diagnosis more difficult.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the power reflectance test as an indicator of the middle ear disease and to compare it to tympanometry.

METHODS:

Case study evaluating 105 newborns and infants who participated in the audiology screening in 2013. The following exams were performed: transient otoacoustic emissions, power reflectance, and tympanometry.

RESULTS:

In the optoacoustic emission evaluation, approximately 95% of the subjects passed the test. The specificity of power reflectance in all frequencies studied ranged from 75.3% to 95.9%, and that of tympanometry at 1000 Hz ranged from 83% to 87.2%; there was agreement among these exams.

CONCLUSION:

The outcome of power reflectance tests at 2000 Hz and 3000 Hz showed a correlation with tympanometry and otoacoustic emissions, and these were the most appropriate frequencies to determine middle ear disease through power reflectance measurement. It was also observed that values of power reflectance above reference levels suggested the presence of fluid in the middle ear, and thus a conductive hearing loss.

Keywords : Hearing tests; Middle ear; Neonatal screening.

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