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Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

versión impresa ISSN 1808-8694versión On-line ISSN 1808-8686

Resumen

D'AVILA, Sérgio et al. Facial trauma among victims of terrestrial transport accidents. Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. [online]. 2016, vol.82, n.3, pp.314-320. ISSN 1808-8686.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2015.10.004.

INTRODUCTION:

In developing countries, terrestrial transport accidents - TTA, especially those involving automobiles and motorcycles - are a major cause of facial trauma, surpassing urban violence.

OBJECTIVE:

This cross-sectional census study attempted to determine facial trauma occurrence with terrestrial transport accidents etiology, involving cars, motorcycles, or accidents with pedestrians in the northeastern region of Brazil, and examine victims' socio-demographic characteristics.

METHODS:

Morbidity data from forensic service reports of victims who sought care from January to December 2012 were analyzed.

RESULTS:

Altogether, 2379 reports were evaluated, of which 673 were related to terrestrial transport accidents and 103 involved facial trauma. Three previously trained and calibrated researchers collected data using a specific form. Facial trauma occurrence rate was 15.3% (n = 103). The most affected age group was 20-29 years (48.3%), and more men than women were affected (2.81:1). Motorcycles were involved in the majority of accidents resulting in facial trauma (66.3%).

CONCLUSION:

The occurrence of facial trauma in terrestrial transport accident victims tends to affect a greater proportion of young and male subjects, and the most prevalent accidents involve motorcycles.

Palabras clave : Forensic dentistry; Accidents traffic; Facial injuries; Face.

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