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Fisioterapia e Pesquisa
Print version ISSN 1809-2950
CAMPOS, Ana Carolina de et al. Psychomotor intervention on children of low socioeconomic status. Fisioter. Pesqui. [online]. 2008, vol.15, n.2, pp. 188-193. ISSN 1809-2950. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1809-29502008000200013.
This study aimed at outlining the psychomotor profile of socioeconomically disadvantaged children and at verifying the effect on them of an assessment-based psychomotor training program. Participants were six 10-to-12 year-old children (mean age 11.5±0.92), who were evaluated before and after the program by means of a psychomotor battery which assesses seven categories: tonus, equilibrium, lateralisation, body perception, time-space orientation, gross and fine praxis; scores range from 1 to 4, determining the following profiles: 1, apraxic; 2, dyspraxic; 3, eupraxic; 4, hyperpraxic. By drawing on children's difficulties, a psychomotor playing program was applied during 3 months, in 16 one-hour sessions, twice a week. The initial evaluation showed participants profile to be predominantly eupraxic in equilibrium, lateralisation, body perception, gross and fine praxis; profile was mostly dyspraxic as to tonus and time-space orientation. After the program, scores significantly improved in tonus, equilibration, time-space orientation, gross, and fine praxis (p<0.05), thus suggesting that the program applied was able to benefit psychomotor performance of low socioeconomic status children.
Keywords : Child; Psychomotor performance; Socioeconomic factors.