Fisioterapia e Pesquisa
Print version ISSN 1809-2950
RODRIGUES, Brena Guedes de Siqueira et al. Functional autonomy of elderly women practicing Pilates. Fisioter. Pesqui. [online]. 2010, vol.17, n.4, pp. 300-305. ISSN 1809-2950. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1809-29502010000400003.
The purpose of the study was to assess the effect of the Pilates method on elderly women's functional autonomy. Fifty-two volunteers were submitted to the evaluation protocol of the Latin-American Group for Maturity Development (GDLAM), which consists of five tests: a 10-meter walk, get up from the sitting and lying down positions, get up and walk around at home, and to put on and take off a t-shirt. They were then divided into Pilates group (PG, n=27, mean age 66.9±5.3 years) and control group (CG, n=25, mean age 65.2±3.9 years old). PG underwent a series of 10 Pilates exercises twice-weekly for eight weeks, both groups being reassessed thereafter. The level of significance was set at p?0.05. Results showed PG's better scores in all tests and at the GDLAM index (p=0.035) after the intervention; control group showed a better score ((p=0.042) only at the 10-meter walk test, thus keeping the same initial classification of "regular" functionality.. Comparison between the groups after the intervention showed significant advantages for PG, including at the GDLAM index (p<0.05), whose classification rose from "regular" to "good". It may thus be said that practice of the Pilates method significantly enhanced functional performance of the elderly women studied.
Keywords : Aged; Exercise & movement techniques; Motor activity; Pilates; Women.