Fisioterapia e Pesquisa
Print version ISSN 1809-2950
PESTANA, Paulo Roberto Dantas et al. Swimming and morphology of skeletal muscle repair process after cryoinjury. Fisioter. Pesqui. [online]. 2011, vol.18, n.3, pp. 264-269. ISSN 1809-2950. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1809-29502011000300011.
The aim of study was investigate the influence of swimming on the morphological changes in skeletal muscle repair process following cryoinjury. There were used 45 rats divided into 5 groups: control (n=5), sham (n=5), adaptation (n=5), cryolesioned treated with swimming and sacrificed after 7, 14 and 21 days (n=15), untreated and cryolesioned sacrificed after 7, 14, and 21 days (n=15). Animals swan for 90 min/ each session and 6 times a week. At the end of the protocol, the animals were sacrificed and morphological analysis of the lesion area was performed. The semi-quantitative morphological analysis showed that the muscles in the control group exhibited normal histological aspects while the sham group exhibited edema, myonecrosis and inflammatory infiltrate grade 1. In groups 7, 14, and 21 days, the results indicated that there were no statistically significant differences in four stages of tissue remodeling evaluated (inflammatory infiltration, edema, necrosis, and immature muscle fibers) between the injured groups compared to groups with lesion and treated with swimming. In conclusion, it was verified that swimming did not alter morphological aspects of skeletal muscle during the repair process following cryoinjury.
Keywords : regeneration; skeletal muscle; regeneration; swimming; injuries.