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Fisioterapia e Pesquisa

versão impressa ISSN 1809-2950

Resumo

SCHWEICH, Laynna de Carvalho et al. Epidemiology of athletic injuries in classic ballet practitioners. Fisioter. Pesqui. [online]. 2014, vol.21, n.4, pp.353-358. ISSN 1809-2950.  http://dx.doi.org/10.590/1809-2950/12833321042014.

Specific overloads of ballet practice may represent risk factors for injuries. The objective of this study was to analyze the epidemiology of typical injuries of ballet, including factors associated with history of injury in ballet practitioners. Studied subjects integrated 124 dancers, of both genders, from nine ballet schools from Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. To obtain information about injuries, we used a morbidity survey. Participants were divided into two groups: G1 (with injuries) and G2 (without injuries). In relation to prevalence of injuries, 89 cases were registered, and 61 dancers (49%) reported damages incidence, with record of 1.48 cases per practitioner. Moreover, the G2 presented higher body weight (G1: 51±8 versus G2: 55±10 kg) and training time (G1: 4.0±2.0 versus G2: 5.0±4.1 years). With respect to injury type, joints (32%) and muscle affections (25%) were the main occurrences in the lower limbs (85%) due to specific exercises (30%). Weekly exposure time was the most important mechanism to injury installation. The more important causal circumstance to injury occurrence was constituted by specific training (49%) and choreographic performance (41%). In conclusion, evidences have showed that joint injuries in lower limbs are the main classical ballet injuries in ballet practitioners, and weekly exposure time is the most important factor associated with injuries in classical ballet.

Palavras-chave : Dancing/injuries; Exposure Time; Descriptive Epidemiology.

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