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Fisioterapia e Pesquisa

versão impressa ISSN 1809-2950


CARVALHO, Larissa de Andrade; RATTES, Catarina; BRANDAO, Daniella Cunha  e  ANDRADE, Armèle Dornelas de. Efficacy of noninvasive ventilation support on the increase of exercise tolerance in patients with heart failure: a systematic review. Fisioter. Pesqui. [online]. 2014, vol.21, n.4, pp.384-391. ISSN 1809-2950.

The aim of this study was evaluate the efficacy of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) on improving exercise tolerance of patients with heart failure (HF). A systematic review was performed in PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS, Cochrane, CINAHL, Scopus and Web of Science for randomized and quasi-randomized clinical trials, without language and year of publication restrictions. Descriptors were defined as 'heart failure', 'noninvasive ventilation', 'positive-pressure respiration', 'interactive ventilatory support', 'exercise test' in addition to the keywords 'BIPAP', 'CPAP', 'IPAP', 'EPAP', 'NIV' and their Portuguese equivalents. Studies comparing NIV with one or two pressure levels to groups without intervention, other physiotherapy modalities without positive pressure or a sham group were included. Four studies were selected, including HF patients of various etiologies, considering the staging classification of New York Heart Association. Any included work realized the allocation concealment, all studies participants underwent blinding, but only two trials performed assessors blinding. None of the studies have described an intention to treat analysis and did not use appropriate statistical methods. All selected trials assessed functional capacity and in only two, dyspnea was assessed. The intervention protocols of the included trials were heterogeneous, three studies underwent a single intervention with NIV, two immediately before the functional capacity test and another study performed NIV during the exercise evaluation. The last trial held 14 sessions of NIV, with the functional capacity evaluation being performed on days 0, 4, 9 and 14. There is insufficient evidence on the effectiveness of NIV in increasing exercise tolerance.

Palavras-chave : Heart Failure; Noninvasive Ventilation; Exercise Test.

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