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Fisioterapia e Pesquisa

Print version ISSN 1809-2950On-line version ISSN 2316-9117

Abstract

FONSECA, Jéssica Fernanda do Nascimento et al. Are thirty minutes of rest between two 6-Minute Walk Tests enough for cardiovascular and symptomatic recovery for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?. Fisioter. Pesqui. [online]. 2015, vol.22, n.3, pp.325-332. ISSN 1809-2950.  https://doi.org/10.590/1809-2950/14319622032015.

Two 6-Minute Walk Tests (6MWT) are required to evaluate functional capacity of exercise in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Despite the fact that the American Thoracic Society (ATS) has proposed a one-hour interval between two tests, it is unknown whether a shorter period could be used for the normalization of physiological variables. We aimed to verify that an interval of 30 minutes of rest between two 6MWT is sufficient for cardiovascular and symptomatic variables to return to their basal levels. Two hundred and fifteen patients with COPD (121H, 66±8 years; FEV1: 44 [32-57]% predicted) performed two 6MWT with a thirty-minute interval between them. Before and after the tests, we measured Blood Pressure (BP), Heart Rate (HR), peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2), degree of dyspnea, and fatigue. Patients walked the longest distance in the second test (6MWT1: 450 [390-500]m vs 6MWT2: 470 [403-515]m; p<0.0001). The initial HR was greater in the second 6MWT (initial HR 6MWT1: 83 [73-91]bpm vs 6MWT2: 83 [75-93]bpm; p=0.001). Dyspnea and fatigue were lower before the second test (initial Borg dyspnea 6MWT1: 0.5 [0-2]m vs 6MWT2: 0 [0-2]; p = 0.0006 and initial Borg fatigue 6MWT1: 0 [0-2]m vs 6MWT2: 0 [0-2]; p = 0.007). There were no differences regarding the BP and the SpO2(p>0.05 for all). Although there are statistically significant differences in initial HR between the first and second test, this finding does not seem to be clinically relevant. Therefore, thirty minutes of rest between two 6MWT are sufficient for cardiovascular and symptomatic recovery in patients with COPD.

Keywords : Exercise; Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive; Rest.

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