International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Print version ISSN 1809-9777
SCHUSTER, Larissa Cristina; COSTA, Maristela Julio and MENEGOTTO, Isabela Hoffmeister. Expectation as a factor of influence on the success of use of hearing aids in elderly individuals. Int. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol. [online]. 2012, vol.16, n.2, pp. 201-208. ISSN 1809-9777. http://dx.doi.org/10.7162/S1809-97772012000200008.
INTRODUCTION: Auditory prosthesis is distinguished in function of the lesser technologies that become them each time, more powerful and efficient. The marketing can generate unreal expectations how much to the results with the amplification use, mainly in inexperienced individuals. OBJECTIVE: To verify the relation between expectations and success of the process of election and adaptation of auditory prosthesis in aged. METHOD: Clinical and experimental study, 16 aged, inexperienced individuals with the amplification use, the election and adaptation of auditory prosthesis had been evaluated 15 days before and after. Questionnaire for evaluation of the expectations of aged the adult individual was used "/, new user of auditory prosthesis", Hearing Handicap Inventory will be the Elderly/Screening Version, for evaluation of the perception of the restriction of participation and the International Questionnaire - Device of Amplification Sonora Individual (QI-AASI), to verify the subjective benefit with the use of the auditory prosthesis. The Percentile Index of Recognition of Sentences in Silence was determined (IPRSS), by means of the test Lists of Sentences in Portuguese to verify the objective benefit of the adaptation. The data had been analyzed by means of not-parametric test, with level of significance of 5%. RESULTS: The entire sample presented positive expectations. Subjectively benefit for the reduction of the perception of the participation restriction and for the positive evaluation of the adaptation, evidenced for the QI-AASI was verified. Objective the improvement of the IPRSS with the use of auditory prosthesis also evidenced benefits. CONCLUSION: The expectation how much to the results with the amplification use, it was factor of negative influence in the success of the process of election and adaptation of auditory prosthesis, in the subjective scope.
Keywords : assistant of hearing; aged; whitewashing of deficient auditory; questionnaires; only system of health.