Arquivos Internacionais de Otorrinolaringologia
Print version ISSN 1809-4872
CARVALHO, Thiago Bittencourt Ottoni de et al. Sinus retrospective analysis of surgeries in a hospital school. Arquivos Int. Otorrinolaringol. (Impr.) [online]. 2010, vol.14, n.4, pp. 438-443. ISSN 1809-4872. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1809-48722010000400010.
INTRODUCTION: The ENT is a medical specialty that covers 4.4% of all doctors in São Paulo, with a variety of surgical procedures distributed between pharynx, nose, ear and larynx. Knowing the profile of a reference service in otolaryngology allows for a better organization, scaling the volume of care and surgeries, providing better training to the student and resident physician. OBJECTIVE: To describe the profile of sinonasal surgery and patients to them in the department of otolaryngology and head and neck surgery at a teaching hospital. METHOD: We conducted a cohort study of cross-sectional retrospective study with review of 872 charts of patients undergoing surgery Sinus between January 2006 and December 2008. Used questionnaires, seeking sex, age, surgical diagnosis and surgery. RESULTS: Of 872 patients studied, 45.4% were female and 54.6% male, ranging in an age group 40-80 years (mean 29.8 years). The main surgical diagnoses were: nasal septum deviation (n=457), nasal deformity after trauma (n=287), enlarged turbinates (n=153), rhinosinusal polyposis (n=73), chronic sinusitis (n=32). Among the most frequently performed surgical procedures include: septoplasty (n=388), rhinoplasty (n=215), FESS (n=131), intra-turbinal cauterization (n=114), reconstructive rhinoplasty (n=73), turbinectomy (n=43), turbinoplasty (n=55). It is emphasized that patients may have received more than one surgical diagnosis and realized more than one surgery, depending on the alert. CONCLUSION: We present the volume and diversity of Sinus surgeries performed in our department, contributing to the scarce scientific literature on this type of case.
Keywords : nose diseases; nose; nose neoplasms; rhinoplasty; otorhinolaryngologic surgical procedures.